All of us feel free to breathe freely in the open air, but who is the credit for this open air and our independence? Thousands of patriots have sacrificed their lives and have given us freedom in the gifts, and in these landlords, there is a unique person who, wearing a dhoti shirt with a stick and without a smile on his face, fought with selflessness for our independence.
Many of us call them Mahatma Gandhi, many call them Bapu and many people know them as the Father of the Nation.
Although Mahatma Gandhi death has been very long before years, people still consider him as his guide and follow the principles of his, determine the direction of his life. They do not need any introduction, but today we will tell you in detail the biography of Mahatma Gandhi, which contains some facts that you probably do not know.
Mahatma Gandhi birth and Parents
Mahatma Gandhi ie Mohandas Karam chand Gandhi, that is his full name, Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar in Kathiawar, Gujarat.
His father’s name was Karam chand Gandhi. His mother, Putlibai, was the fourth wife of Karam chand and she was of religious nature. While living with her mother, she had compassion, love and selfless devotion towards God only awakened in her childhood whose image continued to appear in Mahatma Gandhi till the end.
Early Life and Education
Mahatma Gandhi’s primary education was only in Kathiawar and after that in childhood, he got married to Kasturba Makhanji of 14 years. Did you know that Mahatma Gandhi was 1 year younger than his wife?
When he was 19, he went to London to get higher education from where he got a bachelor’s degree in law. Gandhi ji followed some English customs of abroad but did not adopt the non-vegetarian food there. Considering his mother’s words and according to intellectualism, he decided to be a life long vegetarian and also got a membership of the vegetarian society located there.
After some time, Mahatma Gandhi returned to India and started advocacy in Mumbai, in which he could not be fully successful. After this he selected Rajkot as his place of work where he used to write Letter for the needy people.
After that he went to advocate for an Indian firm in South Africa in 1893, where he suffered the harassment of discrimination from Indians. Here many unpleasant incidents happened with them that shook Gandhi ji for the injustice done to society. After that, he started raising questions in the interest of the British Empire against the atrocities in India and in the interest of his countrymen.
In 1906 Mahatma Gandhi was again in South Africa, where he played an important role in the war of Jullu. After this, he returned home in the year 1915. At the time when he arrived here, the country was being tortured by the British all around. With the power of the landlords, they used to get very little allowance to the affected people, which caused poverty everywhere around the country. Dirt and disease were spreading in all the villages.
The situation of Kheda village of Gujarat was also very sad due to the famine and suppression of the British. This is where Gandhiji’s important role in independence started.
First Hermitage in Kheda
By making an Hermitage in Kheda village of Gujarat, he and his supporters started the cleaning work of this village, and schools and hospitals were also built.
Due to Kheda Satyagraha, Mahatma Gandhi was arrested and ordered to leave the place, against which millions of people protested. Thousands of Gandhiji’s supporters raised rallies and raised the voice to release them without any condition, which resulted in them being released.
The landlords who exploited the farmers under the guidance of the British and damaged the poor, many demonstrations against them were guided by Gandhiji himself. Looking at the selfless service for his country and love for the countrymen, people addressed him as Bapu. After achieving success in Satyagrah in Kheda and Champaran, Mahatma Gandhi became the father of the entire nation.
After freed Kheda village from British tyranny, Mahatma Gandhi made a war against the British in the interest of the people of the whole country, in which their main weapons were – Truth, Non-violence and Peace. The non-cooperation movement started by Gandhiji proved to be a Brahmastra against the British.
Non-Cooperation Movement After Jallianwala Bagh massacre and deflagration, Gandhiji condemned the massacre, according to him the violence was considered inappropriate. In view of the violence happening after this, Gandhi Ji focused his attention on the establishment of complete control over the country by the government institutions.
Boycott of Foreign Goods
Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress in 1921 and adopted the Swadeshi policy to persuade the countrymen to boycott foreign goods. Women also made an important part of their movement. Gandhi Ji urged the people of the country who were working for the British and their government jobs, to leave them.
Non-Cooperation Movement was withdrawn
Non-Cooperation Movement got success in the whole country and maximum people followed the indigenous policy. Unfortunately, after the violent incidents of Chauri Chaura, Gandhi had to withdraw the non-cooperation movement and he had to spend two years in jail. In February 1924, he was released.
Salt Satyagraha -Dandi March
Despite imprisonment, Gandhi Ji continued to resist violence and atrocities in the country. During his imprisonment, he made every effort to unite the Indian National Congress, which had been divided into two parts.
In 1928, Bapu demanded to handover power to the Indian Empire at the Congress session of Calcutta and talked about non-cooperation movement to give freedom to the country on protest. After this, Mahatma Gandhi started the Satyagraha movement against salt in 1930, in which Dandi March was dominant.
After this the people of the country were aware and seeing the enthusiasm, the government interacted with Bapu, which resulted in the Treaty of Gandhi-Irwin. According to this treaty, all political Indian prisoners were released in lieu of ending civil disobedience movement.
After this, Gandhiji came to attend the Round Table Conference as the main face of Congress, which resulted in negative. After this, the representation of Irwin’s successor increased the oppression of the Indians and Gandhiji was once again imprisoned. But this movement continued by his supporters and the British had to see the face of failure.
Movement started for Dalits
After this, in 1932 Bapu (Mahatma Gandhi) made a six-day fast, and after that he started a movement in the interest of the Dalits. He gave the name of Harijan to the Dalits and this movement was also called Harijan movement. But this did not succeed and the Dalits rejected Gandhiji and chose Ambedkar as his leader. After this Gandhiji continued to fight in support of him.
Quit India Movement
In World War II, he spoke of non-violent support to the British, in which there was no one in the side. Later Gandhiji also refused to form any party in the war and the Quit India Movement was further intensified.
Violence and arrest also took place in this universal movement, in which Bapu was no exception. Bapu asked entire India to fight for freedom by non-violence, do or die. Gandhiji and members of Congress were arrested again. This imprisonment was very dangerous for Gandhiji. At this time he also became ill and Kasturba died.
Despite his imprisonment, the Quit India Movement continued and succeeded. British decided to hand over power to India But Gandhiji asked the Congress to reject the proposal of the British cabinet because this proposal was taking India towards division. But in view of the dissatisfaction among Hindus and Muslims, they made a hunger strike in Delhi, and Pakistan was separated by paying Rs 55 crores.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Death
Nathuram Godse, responsible for the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi, was a nationalist Hindu and considered Gandhiji guilty of weakening India because he had paid Rs 55 crores to Pakistan.
When Mahatma Gandhi was walking on the night of January 30, 1948 in Delhi’s Birla Bhavan, Nathuram Godse shot him and killed him. In November 1949, Nathuram Godse and his associates were also hanged.
Gandhiji was the leader of the country who took the arms out of this country without taking weapon. After sacrificing his family whole life he fought for the benefit of the country and in the end it became the martyr for the benefit of the country. His entire life and biography (Mahatma Gandhi Autobiography) became inspirational for all age groups of India.
The important statement of Gandhi ji: “Do not look bad, do not listen bad, do not say bad.”