Egyptian pyramids were built during that time, when Egypt was one of the richest and most powerful civilizations in the world, this pyramid-especially the Great Pyramid of Giza-is one of the most spectacular man-made structures in history. Egyptian pyramids were built to bury the dead bodies of the kings.
Although the pyramids were built during the Ptolemaic Empire in the fourth century from the beginning of the Old Kingdom. The peak of the pyramid building started from the latter part of the third dynasty and continued till about 6th (c.22325 BC). After more than 4,000 years, Egyptian pyramids still provide a glimpse of the country’s rich and glorious past, while retaining its grandiosity.
Rise of Egyptian Civilization
During the third and fourth dynasties of the Old Kingdom, Egypt enjoyed tremendous economic prosperity and stability. The kings organized a unique situation between the human and the divine in the Egyptian society, it was believed that they were chosen by Gods to serve among the people living on earth.
Because of this, the king’s glory was retained even after the king’s death. When the kings died, they were buried with food, clothes, jewelry, utensils and weapons along with them. The smooth angular side of the pyramid is a symbol of the sun’s rays and The king’s soul was designed to help in climbing in heaven.
The ancient Egyptians believed that when the king died, the part of his soul (which is called “of”) remains with his body. The ancient Egyptians believed that after death, the things buried with them to be used later. In this way the pyramid became a center point of the dead kings, it was believed that the burials would be used after their death, their wealth was not only for them, but also for their relatives, officers and priests who were around them Were buried.
Starting of Pyramid Structure buildings
From the beginning of the Dynasty era (2950 B.C.) the royal tombs were carved in the rock and they were secured with flat-roofed rectangular structures called “Mastba”. Which were the forward pyramids. The oldest known pyramid in Egypt is 2630 B.C. Was built around. In Sakkara, for the King Dajoser of the Third Dynasty, it is known as another pyramid, it started as a traditional Mastaba.
One story tells that the pyramid’s architect was Imhotep, a priest and a doctor, who became the patron saint of writers and practitioners of 1,400 years later. During the nearly 20 years of Dajsar’s reign, pyramid builders collected stones or six-step layers (which were like mud bricks, earlier tombs), which eventually reached a height of 204 feet (62 meters) ; It was the tallest building of its time.
The other pyramids were surrounded by a complex courtyard and temples, where Dajoser used to enjoy his life. After Djoser, other pyramids became ideal for royal burial. A “true” of the first grave, the red pyramid built in the form of a pyramid was in Dahshur, which is one of the three burial structures built for the first king of the fourth dynasty. It was known as the Lime stone color for the construction of the pyramid.
The Pyramid of Giza is known as the oldest and largest or greatest pyramid, the only living structure of the ancient seven wonders of the ancient world. It was made for the Khufu (Chops, in Greek), successor of Sanfeiru and eight kings of the Fourth Dynasty.
Though Khufu ruled for 23 years (2589-2566 BC), relatively, the pyramids are known about their rule beyond their magnificence. The base average of the pyramid was 755.75 feet (230 meters), and its original height was 481.4 feet (147 meters), making it the largest pyramid in the world.
The three small pyramids built for the queen of Khufu have been placed next to the larger pyramid, and a nearby tomb was found in which their mother, Queen Hetepheras was buried. Like other pyramids, the Khufu is surrounded by the lines of Mastba, where the relatives or the King’s officials were buried to accompany and assist them in their next life.
The central pyramid in Giza was built for Khufu’s son Khafre (2558-2532 BC). A unique feature built inside the pyramid complex of Khafre was a mystery full man, an idol of a guardian who was made in limestone with the head and lion’s body of a man without a nose. It was the largest statue in the ancient world, which was 240 feet long and 66 feet high.
In the 18th Dynasty (c. 1500 BC), the great mystery full idol was worshiped, because it was the image of a local form of the deity. Where is it when Napoleon invaded Giza, then he blew his nose with a cannon. The southern pyramid was built in Giza for the son of Khafre Menakaur (2532-2503 BC). It is the smallest of the three pyramids (218 feet) and is a precursor to the small pyramid to be created during the fifth and sixth dynasties.
To build the great pyramid of Khufu, about 23 lacs of cut stone (about 2.5 tons), and transport was used. Ancient Greek History Car Herodotus has written that it took 20 years to build and 100,000 labors can be used for its construction, but later archaeological evidence indicates that the number of employees can also be around 20,000. However, in some popular versions of history it was believed that the pyramid was constructed by the slaves. These laborers were probably Egyptian agricultural workers. When there was a flood in the Nile, they were working on the pyramid at that time, and in this way they got drowned in water.
End of Egyptian Pyramids
The pyramids continued to be built throughout the fifth and sixth dynasties, but gradually falling in the normal quality of their formation and the power and wealth of kings during the period of scale. In the later pyramids, in the pyramid starting with King Unas (2375-2345 BC), the workers started writing the events of the reign of the King on the walls of the burial chamber and the rest of the pyramid. Pyramid was known as texts, it is one of the earliest religious works known from ancient Egypt.
The last to become the Great Pyramid was Pepi II (2278-2184 BC), the second king of the sixth dynasty who came to power as a young boy and he ruled for 94 years. At the time of his reign, the prosperity of the old empire was decreasing, and Firon (the caste or religion or class related people of ancient Egyptian kings) were also losing some of their semi-divine status, because of non-imperial administrative officials The powers were increasing.
The pyramid of Pepi II was built in Sakra and in the making of it, it takes about 30 years during its reign, it was very low (172 feet) in comparison to the old kingdoms. With the death of Pepi, the state and the strong central government almost collapsed and Egypt first entered a turbulent phase as the intermediate period. Later, the King of the 12th Dynasty returned to the pyramid building during the phase of the so-called Central Empire.
From Egyptian pyramids, robbers robbed most bodies and funeral goods from ancient and modern tombs. Smooth white lime stone fitted on them was deformed. The Great Pyramid no longer reaches its original height Intelligence, for example, only 451 feet high. However, even today millions of people visit the pyramid every year their grandeur and the lasting charm of Egypt’s rich and glorious past.